General Weather Info in Mongolia
WEATHER IN MONGOLIA
SPRING (MARCH, APRIL, MAY)
In spring, temperatures begin to warm up and the heavy winter snows and frozen rivers begin to thaw. It is also the start of the breeding months when nomads welcome newborn stock animals. If you like adventures and are interested in nomadic culture, enjoying scenic places, seeing newborn stock animals and the experiencing the vast Mongolian landscape, this is the perfect time for you. Spring has unpredictable weather, and sometimes you could have four seasons in one day. It can be very difficult to predict the weather during the spring, so visitors must come prepared for sudden changes.
SUMMER (JUNE, JULY, AUGUST)
Most travelers come to visit during the summer when Mongolia gets the majority of its rainfall. The nomadic herders eagerly await these rains which bring grass to their livestock, and the steppe turns from a dry, dead tan to a beautiful green all over the countryside. In mid-summer, the average temperature reaches 25C and can rise up to a sweltering 40C before really cooling off at night. The hottest months and the peak of tourist season are July and August, especially when you are traveling in the Gobi Desert. During this season you should carry multiple layers of light clothing because you never really know when the weather in Mongolia will change.
FALL (SEPTEMBER, OCTOBER, NOVEMBER)
In fall, it starts getting cooler and less windy. During the fall season, it can be a great opportunity to experience how Mongolian nomadic herders settle down and prepare for the winter. September and October are also a good time to visit the Gobi region, as well. By November, the snows are setting in over most of the country and temperatures really cool off. The most important thing is to carry warm clothes and waterproof boots.
WINTER (DECEMBER, JANUARY, FEBRUARY)
Winter is understandably cold. Temperatures can get extremely low, the average daily temperature is -18-28C and night temperature is -30-35C. Snow makes travel difficult and short snow blizzards can arrive anytime. But you can still visit Mongolia in winter, especially if you visit during the Winter Festivals of Mongolia. And short trips are always available for you all year around.
Always have and wear a long sleeve shirt, sunscreen, a hat and sunglasses to protect yourself from the sun.
Most places in Mongolia receive over 230 sunny days of sunshine a year, with the sunniest areas – especially the Gobi Desert in the southern area - receiving over 260 sunny days. As Mongolian nomads observe daylight savings, during summer months, daylight can last up until 9.30pm.
The sunlight here can quickly burn your skin from July to August, especially between 10 am to 4 pm. Be “Sun Smart” by using these three simple steps when you go outdoors in the countryside:
1. Stay in the shade, whenever possible.
2. Wear a long sleeve shirt, hat, and sunglasses.
3. Use SPF 30+ sunscreen. Reapply every 3 hours.