Introduction to Siberia
What is Siberia
Siberia is a huge land in the Eastern part of Russia, which occupies most of it and extends from the Ural Mountains in the West to the Pacific Ocean in the East, from Mongolia and Kazakhstan in the South and to the Arctic ocean in the North. According to one version of the etymology of the name, Siberia dates back to the Turkic word "beautiful", when in ancient times the Turkic language was the most common in this territory.
The nature of Siberia is diverse. Most of Siberia is occupied by taiga - "endless sea of taiga", rich in berries, mushrooms, pine nuts, rivers rich in fish. Here is good hunting and fishing, and indeed a break from "civilization". In Western Siberia between the rivers Ob’ and Irtysh are the world's largest Vasyugan swamps, which are the main source of fresh water in the region, there are about 800 thousand small lakes and many rivers originate from these swamps.
Steppes in Siberia are very interesting. The wide steppe of the Altai is famous for its salt lakes and tape pine forests. Here is specially developed sanatorium-resort rest, as almost all steppe lakes have water or mud, which have healing properties.
Northern Siberia is the harsh Arctic desert Islands located near the Northern coast of Eastern Siberia - the Northern land archipelago, the Novosibirsk Islands and the Northern part of the Taimyr Peninsula with their bird bazaars, polar bears and walrus rookeries.
And the endless tundra with its permafrost, polar nights and Northern lights, and when the first warm days come in June, the whole tundra blooms and becomes like a bright colorful carpet with a variety of colors and shades that will not be found anywhere else.
Southern Siberia is a whole mountain country that stretches from the plains of Western Siberia to the ridges of the Pacific ocean. This mountainous country includes such mountains as Altai with the highest peak of southern Siberia – Belukha (4499 m), Salair ridge, Kuznetsk Alatau, Eastern and Western Sayans, Tanna-Ola, Apple ridge, Baikal ridge, and many others. A large number of rivers originate here. In the mountains, they are stormy and swift with many rapids and waterfalls.
Yakutia or the Republic of Sakha is the largest region, as well as the region of diamonds in Russia. Sakha - the so-called their country by locals. The area of Sakha is equal to five Frances, it is the largest administrative unit on the planet. The ancestors of the Yakuts are Turkic-speaking tribes, Mongol-speaking Horins and Tunguses. This shift has led to the emergence of a unique nation, whose culture is multifaceted and unique. Traditions that originated many millennia ago have not lost their relevance today. Here the harsh polar climate prevails-in winter the temperature can drop to the level of -53°C, although in the warm time, which, however, lasts only 2 months, the air becomes warm in the summer to +30°C. Meanwhile, the polar night, the duration of which is about 80 days, allows you to enjoy one of the most unique natural phenomena – the Northern lights. Amazing creation of nature is located on the right bank of the Lena river. Majestic cliffs, known as the Lena pillars, a long stretch for 40 kilometers. The attention of travelers and archaeologists has always attracted by the rock paintings, which can be studied different milestones in the history of the Yakut people. In the North of Yakutia Berelekhi cemetery of mammoths found its refuge.
And of course we must say about the pearl of Siberia – the lake Baikal. It is the deepest lake in the world with a huge supply of fresh water. Baikal is located in the southern part of Eastern Siberia. This is a unique lake, the water is so clear that you can see the stones at a depth of 40 m. there are beautiful places - Olkhon island with its wonderful bays and capes, Chivyrkuysky Bay — the warmest Bay of lake Baikal with thermal springs, the archipelago of Ushkany Islands, which since 2011 is a reserve and where the Baikal seal is found.
In the East of Siberia is a unique place on Earth-the Kamchatka Peninsula. Volcanoes are the main attractions of the Kamchatka Peninsula. In total, there are more than 300 volcanoes in Kamchatka. Active and potentially active volcanoes range from 28 to 36; the number depends on the classification features used and the number of active volcanoes previously considered extinct. The largest active volcanoes on the Peninsula — Shiveluch, Klyuchevskoy, Ichinsky, Koryaksky, Avachinsky, Karymsky and Kronotsky hills. Volcanoes of Kamchatka are included in the UNESCO World heritage site.
The continuation of Kamchatka is the archipelago of the Kuril Islands-a chain of Islands between the Kamchatka Peninsula and the island of Hokkaido, Japan, stretching for 1200 km. The Islands form two parallel ridges: the greater Kuril and the Lesser Kuril Islands, and include 56 Islands.
In the South of Eastern Siberia is Primorsky Krai region with rich flora and fauna. Here you can find the Amur tiger in the wild, listed in the Red book of Russia – the catalog of animals and plants under protection.
Among the natural tourist attractions, the mountains and hills are popular. The most attractive among them is the mystical mount Pidan, on which at night you can observe phenomena similar to ghosts sometimes.
In most of Siberia, the climate is harsh, but the romantics here pulls like a magnet, because of the Siberian nature of incredible beauty, and expanses, endless expanses.
It is such a unique and wonderful Siberia!
https://pixabay.com, @ Alexander Ivanin